When it comes to shipping heavy freight around the world, maritime transport is one of the most common methods used today.

Not only is it highly effective, but it is also cost-efficient for transporting large and heavy goods between countries.

In this article, we will delve into the key aspects of heavy freight transport in maritime shipping, from classification to ways to reduce associated costs.

So, if you want to know everything about heavy goods transport by sea, don’t miss this article.

What is heavy freight transport?

Heavy freight transport refers to the transfer of items that are too large, heavy, or have dimensions that prevent them from being transported in conventional containers. Specialized equipment and vehicles such as cranes, trailers, platforms, and containers are often required for safe and efficient handling and movement of this type of cargo.

So, from what weight is considered heavy goods to which items are classified as heavy goods? Let’s find out.

What is considered a heavy haul?

Heavy transport is the carriage of cargo that exceeds the weight and size limits set for normal transport.

Generally speaking, a load is considered heavy when it weighs over 20 tons. However, it mostly depends on local regulations and specific transport conditions.

Which items are classified as heavy freight shipment?

Heavy freight shipments can include industrial machinery, construction equipment, heavy vehicles, infrastructure components, wind turbines, and electric transformers.

However, classification of heavy freight items can vary based on local and regional regulations, so it is important to check these regulations before organizing transport.

How does heavy haul shipping work?

Heavy freight transport requires the use of specialized equipment and vehicles to load and transport heavy objects safely and efficiently onto cargo ships.

This often includes cranes, elevating platforms, and other handling devices. Collaboration between different actors in the logistics chain is also necessary to ensure a smooth and successful transport process.

What is the best way to ship heavy and oversized cargo?

When it comes to shipping heavy and oversized freight, maritime transport is the most effective and cost-efficient method for moving these types of goods over long distances.

Cargo ships have the capacity to transport large volumes and weights, making them ideal for heavy freight transport.

How to export heavy freight by shipping?

Choosing the right container and equipment for the specific load is crucial when exporting heavy freight by sea.

There are three popular and widely used options for transporting heavy freight from one country to another:

Dry cargo containers

Dry cargo containers are the most commonly used containers in maritime transport and are recommended for the transport of dry, non-perishable, and non-liquid cargoes.

They are made of corrosion-resistant steel and have a door at one end for interior access. Dry cargo containers generally have a load capacity of up to 28 tons and come in different sizes, such as 20 feet and 40 feet.

Refrigerated containers

Also known as reefers, these containers are used to transport perishable cargoes that require a controlled environment, such as food and pharmaceutical products.

They are equipped with refrigeration and temperature control systems to maintain cargo in optimal conditions during maritime transport.

Reefers come in different sizes and have a load capacity of up to 28 tons.

Open top containers

Open top containers are designed for large and bulky cargoes that cannot be loaded through the standard container door, as they do not have a roof.

They are typically made of strong steel and have a removable tarpaulin for loading and unloading.

Similar to reefers, they are manufactured in different sizes and can carry up to 28 tons without any issues.

Flat Rack containers

Flat Rock containers are special containers used for transporting large and heavy loads that cannot be loaded into a standard container.

They have a sturdy steel structure and no side walls or roof, allowing the cargo to be loaded and unloaded from any angle.

Like other containers, Flat Racks are available in different sizes and have a loading capacity of up to 45 tons.

What problems can occur with the shipment of heavy freight and how to solve them?

The most common problems when shipping heavy loads are inadequate planning, lack of knowledge of local regulations, incorrect handling, and transport delays.

To address these issues, it is important to have proper planning, knowledge of applicable regulations, collaboration with specialized logistics service providers, and effective communication among all parties involved in the transport process.

Heavy haul freight rates: How to calculate

Calculating the fees for shipping heavy loads can be complex, as it depends on various factors such as the weight and size of the cargo, the distance to be covered, the type of container used, handling costs, and port charges.

It is recommended to contact a specialized logistics service provider for accurate advice and calculations based on specific needs.

How to reduce costs in heavy freight transport

Reducing costs in the transportation of heavy goods is a major challenge for those who rely on this type of transport.

Some of the most common tips for minimizing costs are:

  1. Planning ahead: Adequate planning allows for optimizing the transportation process and avoiding delays or logistical problems that may increase costs.
  2. Choosing the right container and equipment: Using the most appropriate type of container and equipment for the specific load can greatly reduce the costs associated with handling and transportation. Choose and buy the containers you need with Boxxport!
  3. Negotiating rates with logistics service providers: Negotiating competitive rates with providers specialized in heavy transportation can result in significant savings.
  4. Consolidating loads: If possible, consolidating several heavy loads into a single shipment will also significantly reduce transportation costs.
  5. Knowing and complying with local regulations: Ensuring compliance with all applicable regulations can avoid fines and penalties that increase the costs of shipping heavy items.

As you can see, the maritime transportation of heavy cargo is a complex process that requires planning, knowledge, and experience to be carried out efficiently and profitably.

That is why we recommend that you entrust yourself to an expert company to coordinate the entire export process, including customs documentation, transportation, and logistics.